Reciprocal Determinism defined:
Reciprocal determinism is a view of person-environment interaction in which the environment,one's behavior, and internal personal factors influence one another. (Myers, 2010)
Model of Reciprocal Determinism
Reciprocal Determinism suggests that:
(Each factor does not work completely independent of the other two)
Examples of this concept can include:
The essential lesson to be learned from understanding reciprocal determinism:
Everything in a person's experience has multiple influences. A person's mood can be influenced by environment and actions, as well as influence their social environment and behaviors. This is why it is possible for an individual to become a completely different person in different social situations or while performing different tasks.
Albert Bandura proposed, as a part of his social-cognitive perspective on personality, that a person's behavior, environment, and thinking are inextricably connected. This concept, called reciprocal determinism, is accepted among many social psychologists as a means of explaining human behavior.(Myers,2010)
Bandura is most widely known for his experiments involving learning. His most famous experiment involved a woman hitting a Bobo doll and observing the behavior of an onlooking child. He helped to establish with this experiment the influence of perceived punishment and reward on social learning.
The following video is a modern example of the lessons learned by the Bobo doll experiment:
Children See Children Do YouTube Video
Social-cognitive perspective: The view that human behavior is influenced by the interaction of personality traits and social context. (Myers, 2010)
Bio-psychosocial approach to personality: The perspective that personality is influenced by biological, psychological, and social-cultural influences. (Myers, 2010)